Really expensive diamonds

Written by: Hagai Bichman



Time to read 11 min

Famous Heists Involving Valuable Diamonds

In conclusion, the history of really expensive diamonds heists is replete with daring escapades and audacious thefts that have left an indelible mark on the world of high-value gemstones.

From the American Museum of Natural History to the Antwerp Diamond Center and the Green Vault Museum, these heists stand as testaments to the allure and intrigue of valuable diamonds.

The history behind the discovery of the Hope Diamond >

The History of the Hope Diamond

The Hope Diamond is a legendary and unparalleled gemstone with a fascinating history that spans centuries. Here's an in-depth look at the captivating journey of this remarkable diamond.

Discovery and Early History The earliest known history of the Hope Diamond dates back to the 17th century when it was discovered in the Kollur Mine in Golconda, India. It is believed that the diamond was originally a part of the eye of a sacred Hindu statue, and its theft led to a curse that plagued its subsequent owners.

European Acquisition The diamond's journey took an intriguing turn when it was acquired by French gem merchant Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, who then sold it to King Louis XIV of France. The stone was recut during this period and became known as the "French Blue."

Transformation and Misfortune Following the French Revolution, the diamond disappeared, only to resurface in London in the early 19th century. It was during this time that the gem acquired the name "Hope Diamond," after being purchased by Henry Thomas Hope, an English banker. The diamond's association with tragedy and misfortune further fueled its mystique and allure.

Modern Era The Hope Diamond eventually made its way to the United States and found its place in the collection of prominent jeweler Pierre Cartier. It was later acquired by socialite Evalyn Walsh McLean, who relished in its beauty despite the surrounding superstitions.

Scientific and Public Interest In addition to its rich history, the Hope Diamond has garnered attention for its unique physical properties. Scientific studies have revealed its rare blue color, which is attributed to trace amounts of boron within the diamond's crystal lattice. The gem has also been showcased at the Smithsonian Institution, where it continues to captivate audiences from around the world.

Cultural Impact The enduring allure of the Hope Diamond has inspired numerous legends, books, and films, cementing its place in popular culture as a symbol of beauty, mystery, and intrigue.

In conclusion, the history of the Hope Diamond is a captivating saga of discovery, transformation, and enduring fascination. Its remarkable journey through time has solidified its status as one of the world's most renowned and enigmatic gemstones.

The Impact of De Beers on Diamond Mining and Trade >

The history of diamond mining and trade is intricately intertwined with the legacy of the De Beers company, which has played a pivotal role in shaping the industry. From its founding in the late 19th century to its enduring influence in the modern era, De Beers has left an indelible mark on the global diamond market.

Founding and ConsolidationIn 1880, entrepreneur Cecil Rhodes acquired the claims of his rival Barney Barnato, laying the foundation for the establishment of the De Beers Mining Company. This marked the beginning of a trend in diamond mining where smaller groups combined to form larger entities, ultimately leading to De Beers becoming the owner of the majority of South African diamond mines

Monopolization and ExpansionDe Beers' influence extended beyond mining as it focused on monopolizing diamond distribution. The company's expansion outside of mining allowed it to control the majority of the world's diamond producers, compelling them to sell their production through De Beers' channels

. This strategic move solidified De Beers' dominance in the diamond trade and positioned it as a key player in shaping global supply and demand dynamics.

Innovations and BrandingThroughout its history, De Beers has been at the forefront of innovation in the diamond industry. The company's commitment to selecting the rarest natural diamonds and creating distinctive designs has been a hallmark of its heritage. From the founding of De Beers Consolidated Mines in 1888 to the establishment of the De Beers Institute of Diamonds for diamond selection and verification, the company has continuously set new standards in diamond mining and marketing

Global Influence and Market ControlDe Beers' impact on the diamond industry extends to its global reach and market control. The company's participation in most facets of the diamond industry, including mining, trading, and retail, positioned it as the world's largest producer and distributor of diamonds. In the early 21st century, De Beers marketed a significant portion of the global supply of diamonds, further solidifying its position as a dominant force in the industry

Legacy and EvolutionThe legacy of De Beers continues to evolve, with the company adapting to changing market dynamics and consumer preferences. From the unveiling of the De Beers Millennium Star, a world-renowned top-color diamond, to the formation of De Beers Jewelers and the launch of a new fine jewelry brand, the company has remained at the forefront of the diamond industry

In conclusion, the history of the De Beers company is synonymous with the history of diamond mining and trade itself. Its founding, consolidation, innovations, and global influence have left an enduring imprint on the industry, shaping the trajectory of diamond mining and trade for generations.

What are some of the most famous heists involving valuable diamonds in history >

Famous Heists Involving Valuable Diamonds

The history of diamond heists is filled with daring and dramatic events that have captivated the public's imagination. From brazen daylight robberies to meticulously planned operations, these heists have left an indelible mark on the world of high-value gemstones.

American Museum of Natural History, New York City, October 1964 In a daring heist, a group of thieves targeted the American Museum of Natural History, making off with millions of dollars worth of diamonds, gems, and watches. The audacious nature of the robbery and the unrecovered loot have contributed to its notoriety in the annals of diamond heists

Antwerp Diamond Center, Antwerp, Belgium, February 2003 One of the most significant diamond heists in history took place at the Antwerp Diamond Center, where 123 deposit boxes filled with loose diamonds, gold, and jewelry were discovered emptied and strewn across the floor. The estimated haul from this meticulously executed operation was valued at over $100 million, making it a standout event in the world of diamond theft

The Green Vault Museum, Germany, November 2019 In a recent high-profile heist, thieves targeted Dresdens Green Vault, one of Europes largest collections of masterpieces. The estimated total heist amount was a staggering $855 million, marking it as one of the most audacious and lucrative diamond heists in modern history

Notable Patterns and Intriguing Details These heists share common themes of meticulous planning, audacious execution, and the allure of high-value diamonds and jewelry. The fact that the stolen diamonds are often never recovered adds an air of mystery and intrigue to these events, leaving them shrouded in legend and speculation.

Cinematic Allure and Real-Life Drama The allure of diamond heists has not only captured the attention of the public but has also inspired numerous Hollywood movies and popular culture references. The real-life drama and audacity of these heists rival the most captivating storylines seen on the silver screen, making them a perennial source of fascination for people around the world.

In conclusion, the history of diamond heists is replete with daring escapades and audacious thefts that have left an indelible mark on the world of high-value gemstones. From the American Museum of Natural History to the Antwerp Diamond Center and the Green Vault Museum, these heists stand as testaments to the allure and intrigue of valuable diamonds.

How did the discovery of diamonds in South Africa impact the diamond industry >

Impact of the Discovery of Diamonds in South Africa on the Diamond Industry

The discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1867 had a profound and far-reaching impact on the diamond industry, reshaping both the supply and perception of these precious gemstones.

Radical Modification of the World's Diamond Supply The 1867 discovery of diamonds in the Cape Colony, South Africa, led to a radical modification of the world's supply of diamonds. Annual world diamond production increased more than tenfold in the following 10 years, making a once extremely rare material accessible to Western society with its growing wealth

Accessibility to Western Society The discovery of diamonds in South Africa made diamonds more accessible to Western society, which was experiencing increasing wealth. Prior to this discovery, diamonds were considered a very rare find, and the shortage of supply made them very expensive and essentially only affordable to royalty and the rich and famous


Major Contributor to the South African Economy The diamond industry in South Africa has played a major role in the country's economic success. Diamond mines are a significant contributor to the South African economy, with mines in five of the country's nine provinces employing thousands of local workers


Transformation of South Africa's Economy The discovery of diamonds in South Africa, along with the subsequent discovery of gold, led to a transformation of the region's economy. South Africa evolved into a major supplier of precious minerals to the world economy, with gold especially being urgently needed to back national currencies and ensure the continued flow of expanding international trade

The Mineral Revolution The discovery of diamonds in 1869 and gold in 1886, collectively known as the Mineral Revolution, significantly changed the South African economy. European investment flowed in, and international banks and private lenders increased cash and credit available to local farmers, miners, and prospectors, leading to growing demands for land and labor on the local African populations

The discovery of diamonds in South Africa not only transformed the diamond industry but also had a profound impact on the country's economy and the global supply of diamonds. This pivotal moment in history marked the beginning of a new era for the diamond industry and the economic landscape of South Africa.

What is the story behind the Cullinan Diamond, the largest gem-quality diamond ever discovered >

The Cullinan diamond, the largest gem-quality diamond ever discovered, was found in 1905 at the Premier mine in Transvaal, modern-day South Africa. Weighing about 3,106 carats in its rough form, it was named after Sir Thomas Cullinan, who had discovered the mine three years earlier. The colorless stone was purchased by the Transvaal government and was presented to the reigning British monarch, King Edward VII in 1907

The Cullinan diamond was then cut into 9 large stones and about 100 smaller ones by I.J. Asscher and Company of Amsterdam, famed for their cutting of the Excelsior diamond, which until the discovery of the Cullinan had been the largest known diamond. The largest of these stones, Cullinan I, also known as the Star of Africa, weighs 530.2 carats and is the largest colorless top-quality cut white diamond in the world. It was placed in the Sovereign's Royal Sceptre as part of the Crown Jewels and is now on display in the Tower of London. The Cullinan II, a 317.40-carat cushion-cut stone, is mounted in the band of the Imperial State Crown, also part of the Crown Jewels

The discovery and sale of the record-setting Cullinan diamond is wrapped up in the messy colonial history of Britain's rule over part or all of South Africa from 1795 to 1961. The diamond was discovered near Pretoria in modern-day South Africa and is named after the chairman of the mining company, Thomas Cullinan. In its uncut state, it weighed 3,106 metric carats and boasted a size of 10.1 x 6.35 x 5.9 cm. This scale, coupled with its extraordinary blue-white color and exceptional clarity, made it the most celebrated diamond in the world

The Cullinan diamond has become part of the world's most classic jewelry pieces and is a remarkable gem that continues to amaze throughout history. Its legacy is intertwined with the colonial history of South Africa and its significance in the world of gemstones and royal regalia.

Some of the Most Expensive Diamond Jewelry Pieces in History >

Throughout history, certain jewelry pieces have gained immense value due to their historical significance, exquisite craftsmanship, and the rarity of the gemstones they feature. Here are some of the most notable and expensive diamond jewelry pieces in history:

  1. The Cullinan Diamond : The Cullinan diamond, the largest gem-quality diamond ever discovered, was cut into several large stones, with the largest, Cullinan I, weighing 530.2 carats. This stone is part of the British Crown Jewels and is mounted in the Sovereign's Royal Sceptre, while the Cullinan II, a 317.40-carat cushion-cut stone, is mounted in the band of the Imperial State Crown

  • The Hope Diamond : This infamous diamond is legendary not only for its great beauty but also for allegedly being cursed. It boasts over 1,000 gemstones, weighing in at 120.81 carats, with the deep blue diamond at its heart tipping the scales at just over 20 carats. The Hope Diamond is one of the most iconic and valuable pieces of jewelry in the world

  • The L'Incomparable Diamond Necklace : This jaw-dropping piece was unveiled by the internationally acclaimed Mouawad jewelry company and is still the most valuable piece of its kind in the world. The necklace features an impossibly expensive diamond and is a remarkable example of the world's most exquisite jewelry

  • Queen Marie Antoinette's Pearl and Diamond Pendant : This 18th-century pearl and diamond pendant fetched $41 million at a Sotheby's auction in 2018 in Geneva. The pendant belonged to the ill-fated French Queen Marie Antoinette and is a significant piece of historical jewelry

These jewelry pieces are not only symbols of wealth and luxury but also hold immense historical and cultural significance. They represent the pinnacle of craftsmanship and the enduring allure of exquisite gemstones.

History and Significance of the Koh-i-Noor Diamond >

The Koh-i-Noor diamond, meaning "Mountain of Light" in Persian, is one of the largest and most famous cut diamonds in the world. It was most likely found in southern India between 1100 and 1300 and has a long and storied history, changing hands many times and acquiring a reputation of mystery, curses, and bad luck

Origins and Ownership

The diamond has been symbolic of the rise, zenith, and fall of mighty empires, having been in the possession of various rulers in India, Persia, Afghanistan, and, since the mid-19th century, in the UK

. The stone is claimed by both India and Pakistan, among others, and has been the subject of vigorous debate regarding its ownership

Controversies and Legends

The Koh-i-Noor has been the subject of numerous conflicting legends regarding its origin and history. It has been associated with myths of curses and bad luck, with some claiming that only a female owner can avoid its aura of ill omen

British Possession

After being looted from Delhi by Nader Shah, the diamond changed hands between various empires in South and West Asia until being given to Queen Victoria after the British East India Company's annexation of the Punjab in 1849

. The Koh-i-Noor is now part of the British Crown Jewels and has been a subject of debate and calls for its return to its country of origin

Cutting and Incorporation

Garrard, a renowned jeweler, was tasked with cutting the diamond, resulting in the Koh-i-Noor losing more size than originally intended due to flaws within the gem. However, the resulting stone was considered dazzling and was incorporated into various items over the years

The Koh-i-Noor diamond's history is rich with intrigue, controversy, and cultural significance, making it a fascinating and enduring symbol of power, wealth, and historical legacy.